Muriel Spark was born in Edinburgh. A poet and novelist, she also wrote children’s books, radio plays, a comedy and biographies.
She is best known for her stories and many successful novels, including Memento Mori, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, Loitering with Intent, The Comforters, A Far Cry from Kensington and The Public Image. Over her long literary career, Muriel Spark won international praise and many awards, including the David Cohen British Literature Award, the T. S. Eliot Award, the Saltire Prize, the Boccaccio Prize for European Literature and the Italia Prize for dramatic radio. She was shortlisted for the Booker Prize in 1969 and again in 1981 and her novel The Driver’s Seat was one of the novels shortlisted for the Lost Man Booker Prize 1970. She was also shortlisted, for her entire body of work, for The Man Booker International Prize 2005.
Between 2005 - 2015, the Man Booker International Prize recognised one writer for their achievement in fiction.
Worth £60,000, the prize was awarded every two years to a living author who had published fiction either originally in English or whose work is generally available in translation in the English language.
The winner was chosen solely at the discretion of the judging panel and there were no submissions from publishers.
The Man Booker International Prize was different from the annual Man Booker Prize for Fiction in that it highlighted one writer’s overall contribution to fiction on the world stage. In focusing on overall literary excellence, the judges considered a writer’s body of work rather than a single novel.